Common Small Animal Toxins

IN THE KITCHEN

COFFEE (caffeine)

 

 

  • Hyperactivity, Increased heart rate and blood pressure, arrhythmias, tremors, seizures
ONION/ONION POWDER

 

 

  • Anemia
  • Yellowing of mucosa
RAISINS/GRAPES

 

 

  • Vomit, diarrhea
  • Lethargy
  • Inappetance, dehydration
  • Kidney failure
CHOCOLATE (Theobromine)

 

 

 

  • Hyperactivity, Excitement
  • Vomit, Diarrhea
  • Rapid Breathing
  • Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Dark Chocolate, Bakers Chocolate, cocoa beans higher Toxicity
XYLITOL (Found in chewing gum, candy, diabetic snacks, mouthwashes, toothpaste, multivitamins)

 

 

  • Lethargy, Weakness
  • Vomit
  • Collapse
  • Seizures
  • Liver Failure
  • Toxic Dose for 10lb dog is about 1 piece of chewing gum!
GARBAGE (Garbage-Can Toxicosis)

 

 

  • Toxicants vary (bacteria, fungi, mycotoxin)
  • GI (vomit, diarrhea, salivation)
  • Neurologic signs (tremors)
  • Endotoxic shock
  • Pancreatitis
MACADAMIA NUTS

 

 

  • Weakness
  • Muscle Tremors
  • Vomit, Diarrhea

IN THE BATHROOM

IBUPROFEN, NAPROXEN, PIROXICAM, PHENYLBUTAZONE

 

 

  • Vomit
  • Weakness
  • Dark Tarry Stools
  • Kidney Failure
ACETAMINOPHEN (Tylenol)

 

 

  • Cats 10 Times More Sensitive Than Dogs
  • ½ of Human Dose Can Kill A Cat
  • Vomit, Salivation
  • Dark Gums
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Death in 18-36 Hours
COUGH/COLD/ALLERGY MEDS (pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine)
  • Salivation
  • Seizures, tremors
  • Cardiac abnormalities
ADD/ADHD MEDS (Adderall, Concerta, Dexedrine, Vyvanse)

 

  • Increased heart rate and temperature
  • Hyperactivity
  • Tremor, seizures

IN THE GARAGE

RAT POISON (Warfarin, Coumarins)
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Bleeding
RAT POISON (Bromethalin)
  • Hyperexcitability
  • Weakness
  • Seizures
  • Death in 1-3 Days
INSECTACIDES (Organophosphides)
  • Slobbering
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Vomit
  • Seizures
  • Death
MOTHBALLS
  • Lethargy
  • Tremors, seizures
  • Liver damage
  • Kidney damage
BATTERIES
  • Regular batteries: corrosive materials leak, cause burns.  Batteries cause blockages
  • Lithium – Very dangerous.  If lodged in the esophagus for  approximately 15 minutes, causes rapid tissue necrosis.
ANTIFREEZE
  • Knuckling, Ataxia
  • Depression
  • Excessive Thirst, Urinating A Lot
  • Vomit, Oral Ulcers
  • Kidney Failure
  • Death in 4-5 Days
FERTILIZER
  • Drooling, nausea
  • Vomit, diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain and abnormal stance
  • Difficulty breathing
  • “Muddy” gums
ZINC PHOSPHIDE (Rodent bait)
  • Signs Within 1-4 Hours
  • Swollen Abdomen
  • Vomiting
  • Shock, Death
ARSENIC (Insecticides, preservative for wood)
  • Signs Within 39 Minutes
  • Vomiting Repeatedly
  • Whining, Severe Colic
  • Bloody Diarrhea

PLANTS

MISTLETOE
  • GI Irritant
 mistletoe-300x200
POINSETTIA
  • GI Irritant
  • Vomit, Diarrhea
 poinsettia-300x449
OLEANDER, FOXGLOVE, STAR OF BETHLEHEM, LILLY OF THE VALLEY, MILKWEED, KALANCHOE
  • Drool, nausea
  • Vomit
  • Arrhythmias
  • Weak
  • Collapse
  • Seizures
  • Death
 oleander2-300x199
TULIP/DAFFODILS/

NARCISSIS/

HYACINTH

  • Bulbs are GI irritants
 tulips-300x248
LILLIES (Asiatic, Daylily, Tiger)
  • Cats More Sensitive
  • Cats – Acute Kidney Failure
  • Dogs – GI upset
 lily-300x248
SAGO PALM
  • Vomit, Diarrhea
  • Salivation
  • Coma, Death in hours to days
 sago_palm_1-150x150
MUSHROOMS

(Five Types That Are Toxic)

  • Salivation
  • Vomit, Diarrhea
  • Ataxia
  • Coma
  • Liver, Kidney Damage
 mushrooms-300x200
BLUE-GREEN ALGAE

(seen during hot, humid parts of summer)

 

*Not all algae is toxic

  • Death within minutes to hours
  • Vomit, Diarrhea
  • Muscle Tremors
  • Abdominal Pain
 blue-green-algae
PEACE LILLY/PHILODENDRON

POTHOS

  • Oral, GI irritant
  • Foaming at the mouth
 img_5232-225x300
NIGHTSHADE
  • Vomit, Diarrhea
  • Salivation
  • Trembling
  • Weakness
  • Either recover or succumb in 36 hours
 138780-004-757afb2f

MISCELLANEOUS

GLO JEWELRY
  • Mouth pain
  • Drooling
  • Foaming
 glow-jewelry-tyne-300x225
CATS – DOG FLEA & TICK PRODUCTS (pyrethroid based such as K9 Advantix, Sergeants, etc.)
  • Very susceptible to toxins!!
  • Tremors, seizures
  • Death
CATS – ESSENTIAL OILS
  • GI Tract & tongue burns
  • Drool, vomit
  • Ataxia
  • Respiratory distress
  • Coma
  • Acute liver failure
 tea-tree-oil-300x449
IMPORTED SNOW GLOBES
  • Some contain antifreeze (ethylene glycol)!
 snow-globes

This is only a partial list.  If any question, call for advice!  Here are some important numbers:

ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center   888-426-4435

National Animal Poison Control Center   900-680-0000 (fee based)

Pet Poison Hotline   877-416-7319

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